Goal-Conditioned Imitation Learning using Score-based Diffusion Policies

Moritz Reuss
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Maximilian Li
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Xiaogang Jia
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Rudolf Lioutikov
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Paper Website

Paper ID 28

Session 4. Large Data and Vision-Language Models for Robotics

Poster Session Tuesday, July 11

Poster 28

Abstract: We propose a new policy representation based on score-based diffusion models (SDMs). We apply our new policy representation in the domain of Goal-Conditioned Imitation Learning (GCIL) to learn general-purpose goal-specified policies from large uncurated datasets without rewards. Our new goal-conditioned policy architecture “BEhavior generation with ScOre-based Diffusion Policies” (BESO) leverages a generative, score-based diffusion model as its policy. BESO decouples the learning of the score model from the inference sampling process, and, hence allows for fast sampling strategies to generate goal-specified behavior in just 3 inference steps, compared to 30+ inference steps of other diffusion based policies. Furthermore, BESO is highly expressive and can effectively capture multi-modality present in the solution space of the play data. Unlike previous methods such as Latent Plans or C-Bet, BESO does not rely on complex hierarchical policies or additional clustering for effective goal-conditioned behavior learning. Finally, we show how BESO can even be used to learn a goal-independent policy from play-data using classifier-free guidance. To the best of our knowledge this is the first work that a) represents a behavior policy based on such a decoupled SDM b) learns an SDM based policy in the domain of GCIL and c) provides a way to simultaneously learn a goal-dependent and a goal-independent policy from play-data. We evaluate BESO through detailed simulation and show that it consistently outperforms several state-of-the-art goal-conditioned imitation learning methods on challenging benchmarks. We additionally provide extensive ablation studies and experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness of our method for goal-conditioned behavior generation. Demonstrations and Code are available at https://intuitive-robots.github.io/beso-website.